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Thursday, July 16, 2020 | History

2 edition of Techno-economic feasibility of small-scale distillation of potable spirits from palm wine. found in the catalog.

Techno-economic feasibility of small-scale distillation of potable spirits from palm wine.

Nigeria. Federal Institute of Industrial Research.

Techno-economic feasibility of small-scale distillation of potable spirits from palm wine.

by Nigeria. Federal Institute of Industrial Research.

  • 60 Want to read
  • 4 Currently reading

Published by Federal Ministry of Industries .
Written in English


The Physical Object
Pagination37p.
Number of Pages37
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14115035M

A spirit, unlike wine or beer, is not a fermented beverage; rather it is the product of a distillation of a fermented beverage The distillation relies upon a simple premise: alcohol has a lower boiling point . Distillation and Spirit Production Distillation Distilled spirits are made by distilling beer, wine, or some other type of alcoholic beverage. This results in a product that is much higher in ABV than before. Distilled spirits are desirable for a number of reasons: Distilled spirits sell for a .

Distillation Techniques in the Fruit Spirits Production. 3 Easy Steps to Complete the Course: 1. Read the Course PDF. 2. Purchase the Course Online & Take the Final Exam. 3. Print Your Certificate. Approved for Credit in All 50 States. Visit erum-c.com for state specific information. 1 The information and analysis provided in this report are for the purposes of this report only. Nothing in this report should be construed to indicate how the Commission would find in an investigation conducted under statutory authority covering the same or similar subject matter.

Liquor (also hard liquor, hard alcohol, spirit, or distilled drink) is an alcoholic drink produced by distillation of grains, fruit, or vegetables that have already gone through alcoholic erum-c.com distillation process purifies the liquid and removes diluting components like water, for the purpose of increasing its proportion of alcohol content (commonly expressed as alcohol by volume. Economic feasibility of heat pumps in distillation to reduce energy use. Future work will concentrate on the study of feasibility of a heat pump in a distillation system where refrigeration is required for the condenser, because this is intrinsically employing a heat pump for the refrigeration and the economic effects would be different. Cited by:


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Techno-economic feasibility of small-scale distillation of potable spirits from palm wine by Nigeria. Federal Institute of Industrial Research. Download PDF EPUB FB2

6 Distilling: How Spirits are Made The word distillation comes from the Latin destillare meaning ‘to drip’. It is the extraction of higher alcohols from fermented drinks by using the action of heat to vapourize them.

Basically, distillation is the concentration or increasing of alcohol strength. Whisky is the portable spirit obtained by distillation of aqueous extract of an infusion of malted barley and other cereals that has been fermented.

It can be considered as the product of distillation of an unhopped beer. Beer is the world most widely consumed alcoholic beverage; it is the third most popular drink overall, after water and tea. Distillation of Palm Wine My real interest however is not in palm wine but the distilled palm wine; an alcohol so potent it challenges the bravest of boozers.

At this Myanmar distillery the distillation takes place in fire heated, earthen stills where the more potent. What drives the drug trade, and how has it come to be what it is today. A global history of the acquisition of progressively more potent means of altering ordinary waking consciousness, this book is the first to provide the big picture of the discovery, interchange, and exploitation of the planet's psychoactive resources, from tea and kola to opiates and amphetamines.

The role of distillation on the quality of tequila compounds in the samples of spirits from cassava, palm wine and molasses are commonly acceptable. characteristics of spirits following. The requirement for maturation in wood is now codified in lay standing whisky is the potable spirit obtained by distillation of an aqueous extract of an infusion of matted barley and after cereals that has been ferriented with strains of sacctromyus ceramisial.

To distill and dilute spirits you always need some alcohol calculations: After the distillation of alcohol you have to dilute the spirit. Mixing two liquids with different alcohol content for distilling.

Conversion formula: sugar to alcohol. Production of Alcohol from Grains. Grain Alcohol Distillery Project. Food-Grain Based Alcohol Industry. Distilled Spirit - Alcoholic Beverage Grain based alcohol is used for the production of white spirit such as gin and vodka but also as a base for a wide range of flavoured alcoholic beverages.

A rectified spirit or rectified alcohol is highly concentrated ethanol (drinking alcohol) which has been purified by means of rectification (repeated distillation). It is used in mixed drinks, in the production of liqueurs, for medicinal purposes, and as a household solvent.

Neutral grain spirits are rectified spirits made from grain. INTRODUCTION OF FORMATION AND PRODUCTION OF ALCOHOL FROM PALM WINE Objective of the study Scope of the work Significance. CHAPTER TWO SOURCE OF PALM WINE OF FORMATION AND PRODUCTION OF ALCOHOL FROM PALM WINE Nature or composition of palm wine Micro – organism in palm wine and its effect on alcohol production.

Other spirits start with a ‘neutral’ alcohol base, to which flavourings (sometimes sweetening) are added (rules set out in categories of Regulation /): As a result, for ALL spirits, the distillation process transforms the raw materials to the extent that they are no longer present in the final spirit drink.

Lack of reproducibility significantly affected the spirits’ compositions, with batch distillation columns more difficult to operate reproducibly vs.

traditional alembics. The composition of column distilled spirits differed more in esters, such as ethyl octanoate, ethyl decanoate and ethyl palmitate. Cold wash is pumped in at the top of the rectifier and meets steam. The columns act like a heat exchanger. The alcohol is cooled, condenses and flows away as Scotch grain spirit at about 94% alcohol by volume.

5) The distilled grain spirit is lighter in character and aroma than most malt whiskies and therefore requires rather less time to mature. DISTILLATION PRINCIPLES A distillation column is a series of equilibrium flashes with two feeds and two product streams Exiting liquid is at bubble point Exiting vapor is at dew point Compositions obey the equation yi = Ki*xi “distillation” comes from Latin “de stilla”, or “of” “drop, trickle”.

Jan 14,  · The alcoholic content of distilled liquor is higher than that of beer or wine. Distilled spirit, alcoholic beverage (such as brandy, whisky, rum, or arrack) that is obtained by distillation from wine of other fermented fruit or plant juice or from a starchy material (such.

Techno-Economic Study of a Biodiesel Production from Palm Fatty Acid Distillate Article in Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 52(1)– · December with 17 Reads. Arab chemists greatly improved the still and used it for large-scale distillation of perfume.

The first preparation of strong spirits of wine was made in twelfth-century Europe probably at Salerno. Distillation is commonly done in one of two ways, on a continuous basis in a large, industrial scale still, or on a batch basis, in a small artisanal still. Large continuous stills are ideal for creating pure, neutral spirits like vodka, and small batch stills are ideal for creating flavorful spirits like whiskey and brandy.

Rectified Spirit; Wine from Kinnow Fruits Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Study, Market Research Study, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Report, Identification and Section of Plant, Process, Equipment, General Guidance, Startup Help, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial project and Most Profitable.

Aug 07,  · Dr. Lewis Feuchtwanger,A Treatise on Brewing, Distilling, Rectifying and Manufacturing of Sugars, Wines, Spirits, and all known liquor including cider and vinegar Feuchtwanger – – Fermented Liquors_ A Treatise on Brewing, Distilling, and Rectifying_.

of concentrations within the distillation tower of the passing liquid and vapor streams. The operating lines for a given tower are based on useful when calculations are needed to ascertain technical and economic feasibility and preliminary conditions for the design.

Figure 9 demonstrates how the liquid:vapor ratio, in connection with the number.Feasibility Reports List Download Complete List of Feasibility Reports List Inquiry about Project Consultancy, Reports & Profiles NPCS is manned by engineers, planners, specialists, financial experts, economic analysts and design specialists with extensive experience in the related industries.Earliest History of Liquor: Distilled Spirits Timeline for the World The earliest history of liquor (distilled spirits) is shrouded in mystery.

Considerable disagreement exists over who first developed distillation.